A Comprehensive Guide on How to Calculate Pips in Forex Trading?


Pips, or percentage in point, are a crucial concept in forex trading as they represent the smallest price movement in a currency pair. Understanding how to calculate pips is essential for determining profit and loss, position sizing, and risk management in the forex market. A comprehensive tutorial on the subject is presented in this article. calculate pips, including the definition of a pip, how to calculate pip value, and practical examples to illustrate the concept. If you’re looking for an easy and convenient way to start trading, you may want to consider opening an Instant Funded Account, which allows you to start trading with minimal hassle and delay

What is a Pip?

Pip, the typical unit of price fluctuation in the forex market, is represented by the fourth decimal point in the majority of currency pairs. A pip of 0.0001 is used for all currency pairs reported to the four decimal places, with the exception of those involving the Japanese yen. A one-pip change would occur, for instance, if the EUR/USD exchange rate went from 1.2000 to 1.2001. A pip is the second decimal place in Japanese yen pairs, therefore going from 108.50 to 108.51 is one pip.

Calculating Pip Value:

To calculate the value of a pip in a currency pair, you need to consider the trade size, the exchange rate, and the pip value. The formula for calculating pip value changes when the account currency and currency pair are changed. Here are the general steps to calculate pip value:

1. Determine the trade size: scale is the quantity of units or lots that you are trading. For example, if you are trading one standard lot (100,000 units) of EUR/USD, the trade size is 1 lot.

2. Identify the exchange rate: Determine the current market value of the currency pair that you are trying to trade. To illustrate, let’s say the current exchange rate between the Euro and the US Dollar is 1.2000. This means that one Euro is worth 1.2000 USD.

3. Calculate the pip value: Use the following formula to calculate the pip value based on the trade size and exchange rate:

Pip value = (0.0001 / Exchange rate) * Trade size

A one standard lot trade in the EUR/USD currency pair might involve, for instance, an exchange rate of 1.2000, the pip value would be:

Pip value = (0.0001 / 1.2000) * 100,000 = $8.33

Practical Examples:

Here are a couple of real-world instances to illustrate my point. to demonstrate how to calculate pips in different scenarios:

Example 1: Calculating Pip Value for EUR/USD

Assume you are trading one standard lot (100,000 units) of EUR/USD at an exchange rate of 1.2500. To calculate the pip value, use the formula:

Pip value = (0.0001 / 1.2500) * 100,000 = $8.00

Therefore, each pip movement in this trade is equivalent to $8.00.

Example 2: Calculating Pip Value for USD/JPY

Suppose you are trading one mini lot (10,000 units) of USD/JPY at an exchange rate of 110.50. To determine the pip value, apply the formula:

Pip value = (0.01 / 110.50) * 10,000 = $0.90

In this case, each pip movement in the USD/JPY trade is worth $0.90.


Calculating pips is a fundamental skill that every forex trader should master to effectively manage their trades and risk. By understanding the concept of pips, knowing how to calculate pip value, and practicing with different currency pairs, you can enhance your trading knowledge and to trade foreign exchange with confidence. Remember to consider factors such as trade size, exchange rate, and account currency when calculating pip value, and use this information to optimize your trading strategy and maximize your potential profits.

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